Learn more with our safety checklist for household.
SAFETY FOR BUSINESS
Learn more with our safety checklist for business.
Your LPG safety related questions answered.
LPG Cylinder Safety for Household
Always buy LPG to authorized dealers only.
When the LPG Cylinder is delivered to your home, inspect the physical condition of the tank.
LPG Cylinders must have a valve with a HANDWHEEL and AUTHORIZED SEAL. Don't accept the cylinder if the seal is broken or tampered.
The COLLAR must be higher than the valve of every cylinder. Manufacturer's trade name, date of manufacture/requalification, tare weight and water capacity in liters must be engraved on cylinder collar.
The TARE WEIGHT must be indicated to ensure that the cylinder is filled properly.
The NET CONTENT must be clearly indicated on the cylinder. Determine the net content of an LPG cylinder by weighing the field cylinder and deducting the tare weight indicated on the cylinder's shoulder.
The FOOT RING must be in good condition. It supports the bottom cap of the cylinder preventing it to reach the floor.
Check for dents, gouges and heavy corrosion on the body.
Check your hose regularly. Use only LPG rated hoses and have it replace at every two years.
Upon installation of your LPG cylinder, check for leak by applying soap solution to connecting parts. Bubbles will appear if there is leak on connections. NEVER use a naked flame.
LPG cyliders must be kept on well-ventilated areas, be carried and stored upright all the time.
Ensure valves are turned off when not in use.
LPG Safety for your Business
Accept only cylinders that are in good condition. Check the valve, handwheel, collar, body and footring. Do not accept cylinders that are heavily corroded, manually welded, defective and have no markings - TW, Net Wt, Serial #'s, PS Mark.
In refilling, connect and disconnect cylinders carefully. Make sure that you are away from any kind of naked flame or ignition source.
Refill cylinders with the exact amount of LPG designated for each LPG cylinders. Do not overfill or underfill.
To avoid confusion, separate empty cylinders from filled ones.
For safe transportation, cylinders should always be secured in upright position and cylinder valves must adequately plugged. Unload cylinders as soon as you reach your destination.
Have your other chemicals like paints, thinners and gasolin stored someplace else. Do not store them near your LPG cylinders.
Provide appropriate fire protection equipment for your facility. Prepare carbon dioxide or dry chemical type of fire extinguishers. If possible, install sprinkler system for more protection.
In case of leak, do not panic. Shut off your LPG supply immediately and allow the area to be ventilated naturally. Sprinkling of water will help to hasten the dispersal of gas. Do not use fans or blowers that needs electricity to operate to eliminate the LPG vapour.
Know your local emergency contact numbers and nearest fire department.
Always observe good housekeeping in your place.
Safety Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are the properties and characteristics of LPG?
LPG is naturally odourless and colourless. It is heavier than air but lighter than water. At ambient condition, LPG is in vapour form. When pressurized, it turns in its liquid form making it to be transferred easily.
What is the odor that we smell when LPG leaks?
A stench is added to help identify LPG if there is a leak. It is called Ethyl Mercaptan.
Does an LPG cylinder really explode?
LPG cylinders only explodes when BLEVE occurs. BLEVE or Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion is the sudden and catastrophic failure of a pressurized containment vessel when it is subjected to surrounding or external fire. A cylinder needs to be exposed to fire first before it explodes.
Is LPG poisonous?
LPG is not poisonous even in small amount. But large quantity of LPG in a confined space can cause asphyxiation which is the severe deficiency of oxygen to the human body that arises from abnormal breathing.
What should I do if my cylinder leaks?
If your cylilnder leaks, shut off the regulator and disconnect it from the cylinder. Take the cylinder outdoor into the open. Open all windows and doors. Do not put on the electricity switch, light a matchstick, or use your mobile phone. Use soapy water to check for a leak, the water will bubble if there is a leak. Return the cylinder to the dealer you purchased it from.
How should I store my LPG cylinder?
LPG cyliders must be kept on well-ventilated areas, be carried and stored upright all the time. Do not store any other materials near LPG cylinders. Keep away naked flames on your storage.
What is the amount of LPG needed to cause fire or explosion?
The amount of LPG needed to cause explosion or fire depends on the flammable range or proportion of flammable vapour to air. The flammable range is the range between the minimum and maximum concentrations of vapour (per cent by volume) in air which form a flammable mixture. In general, 1.5 to 9.5% by volume of air and flammble vapour is needed to support combustion.
If there is an LPG leak, how much energy is needed to have an explosion of fire?
Minimum ignition energies for flammable vapours is air are typically less than one milliJoule. This is an energy level comparable to by any visible flame, by most electric circuit spark or by electrostatic discharges down to the lowest detectable by human contact.